SMART-CITY: Stakeholders roles and needs

Smart-City stakeholders are plenty and diverse from one territory to another: politics, industry, startups, citizens, architects… All of them are components of forces shaping the cities. Let first draw an overview of those actors roles and needs, then think about what it implies for our society shape.

To mention this article: Julien Carbonnell “SMART-CITY: Stakeholders roles and needs.” 2019,

The transition to Smart-Cities requires the involvement of all different stakeholders in a coordinated manner. Japanese, please 🙈.